How to reduce the printing cost of books 0

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How to reduce the printing cost of books

the accounting of publishing cost is a main content of economic accounting implemented by publishing houses. All kinds of expenses incurred by publishing houses in publishing activities constitute the cost of publications. The book cost accounting in the charge of the publishing department is the direct cost, which is the paper fee, binding material fee, plate making fee, printing fee, binding fee and publishing loss fee

the level of printing costs directly affects the economic benefits of publishing houses, so reducing costs on the premise of ensuring quality is an important and long-term task for publishers

with the deepening of reform and opening up, the market economy has replaced the planned economy, and publishing houses have been pushed to the market without exception. The fierce market competition has provided us with the possibility of reducing costs. In the past, printing plants were all state-owned enterprises. With the implementation of the party's policy of enriching the people, township and private enterprises have sprung up, followed by competition for contracting business. The publishing house has become "God" and occupied the buyer's market. Even the typesetting and printing of ethnic minority characters have got rid of the dilemma that they can only rely on one printing factory. In the past, the price of ethnic minority character typesetting was 20% - 30% higher than that of Chinese typesetting. Due to the strong pertinence of ethnic character books and the small range of market demand, it formed the characteristics of less printing, resulting in high costs. Now, due to the introduction of advanced technology, the wide application of computer systems, and the development of national character typesetting software, we have provided a variety of options. For small parts, the thermal deformation temperature of the material under the load of 0.46mpa is generally used as the upper limit temperature of thermoforming, which makes it possible to reduce the printing cost

to reduce the printing cost of books, on the one hand, we should start from ourselves and tap the internal potential. On the one hand, we should be good at capturing information in the tide of market economy, including new prices, new technologies and new materials, and tap external potential. At the same time, we should reduce the cost on the basis of ensuring the printing quality. We should not make rough products to reduce the cost and be irresponsible to readers, which will have a negative impact on the speed specified in 6.4

to tap the internal potential, the first is to formulate a practical price list. Strictly review and carefully calculate the pricing sheet. We worked out the charging standards for various items through consultation with the manufacturers according to the Beijing labor price list, the current situation of the general market price, and the different requirements of each printing factory. First, we adopted the price between 1992 and 1994 in the Beijing labor price list, and then as the printing business heated up again, we solved the problem of low printing volume and high cost caused by our agency, In another negotiation, the printing fee for less than 5000 volumes in the labor price list will be changed to 2500 volumes for less than 2500 volumes, and the actual fee will be charged for more than 2500 volumes. The binding fee will be changed from 4000 volumes for less than 4000 volumes to 2000 volumes for less than 2000 volumes. In this way, the printing and binding costs have decreased by nearly one third respectively

material cost is a large part of the cost. Controlling the purchase price and quantity of materials will reduce the cost. We adhere to the principle of comparing goods with other companies in the purchase of materials, and the amount of paper fed should be based on the principle of minimizing the occupation of funds, less inventory or even zero inventory, and we should pay attention to the market situation of the future paper market. In terms of the use of materials, the calculation quantity is accurate. As far as possible, there are many companies that consume experimental machines in our country now. It is a feasible way to reduce costs. For example, in terms of the materials used for the hardcover cover, it used to estimate several books per meter and roughly calculate the materials used. With the contracting of each room, the voice of reducing costs is getting higher and higher, so I put forward an accurate calculation method to guide the printing staff to improve. Lacquer cloth and gelatinized paper are commonly used as hardcover materials. Its specification is not one meter long, but a roll of 50 meters and 100 meters, so it is unreasonable to estimate by meter. If four books are 90cm, then 10 cm is extra, and 1000 books use 25 meters more. Adding and releasing numbers is reasonable and necessary, but it is also very scalable. Pay attention to tapping external potential while giving full play to subjective initiative, and try to reduce addition as much as possible, which will add up. For example, coated paper, imported coated paper is widely used at present. Its packaging is good, it won't be disabled in the transportation process, the paper itself is of good quality, cutting rules, and there is almost no loss. At the same time, due to the increasing modernization of machinery and equipment, digitalization replaces manual regulation, which correspondingly reduces the number of paper passing the wheel and the paper added to adjust the ink volume. Therefore, it has also become an inevitable trend to reduce the increase. Today, with the sharp increase of printing plants, reducing the number of printing plants is also a bargaining chip for contracting printing business. At present, color printing has been reduced from 120 square meters/color to 60 square meters/color. Generally, four-color printing can reduce nearly 200 yuan at a time. Based on the average of 400 books published by our society every year, nearly 80000 yuan is saved every year

as a publishing and printing personnel, they should have comprehensive publishing and printing business knowledge, be good at discovering and capturing new information, and tap external potential. The 4-color offset printing machine has the advantages of fast printing speed, good quality, bright ink color, accurate chromatic registration and high definition. For the cover of our national books, it seems that the printing number is too small, it is not easy to print, and the ink color has not reached the best. At the end of the 1990s, imported offset printing machines with 8-opening and 4-color began to appear. We caught this information and began to pay attention. This type of machine is very suitable for printing the cover, and printing the short version of the interface for setting the breakpoint ratio, which is in line with our characteristics. When the manufacturer comes to the door to talk about business, it will hit it off. The pursuit of reasonable printing methods has greatly accelerated the publishing time, improved the quality of books, and maintained a low cost

cost reduction should be based on quality assurance. The first is the internal quality, that is, the quality of topic selection and processing, and the second is the external quality, that is, the quality of typesetting, printing, binding and materials of books. If books are selected incorrectly, they are unsalable and stored in the library, which will greatly increase the cost. If a book is full of mistakes, even serious political problems, and then reduce the cost can only cause huge economic losses and political impact. Any quality problem in the printing and packaging process will inevitably increase the cost. For example, in the process of typesetting and film production, being greedy for cheap, the film produced is inaccurate, the whole is uneven, and sometimes there is a lack of pen track, which seems to save a few money, but the printed book can't be wanted, and the loss is doubled. Without quality, there is rework. What else can we talk about reducing costs. So quality is the lifeline. Cost reduction must be based on quality assurance

with the development of the times and the progress of science and technology, new technologies and new knowledge are waiting for us to learn. After joining the WTO, the publishing industry will also face greater opportunities and challenges. Let's step up our pace, quickly improve our level and ability, and meet the future of the publishing industry

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